Japan International Agency (JICA) is an incorporated administrative agency implementing the Official Development Assistance of the Government of Japan, addressing global agendas and providing assistance for developing countries for reducing poverty through inclusive growth, improving governance, and achieving human security.
In October 2008, JICA merged with the overseas economic cooperation section of the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC). The new JICA is now able to provide technical assistance, concessional loans and grant aid in a harmonized manner covering areas from infrastructure to grassroots projects.
For human resources development and formulation of administrative systems of developing countries, JICA provides technical cooperation which involves the dispatch of experts, provision of necessary equipment and training of personnel from developing countries in Japan and other countries. Cooperation plans can also be tailored to address a broad range of issues
JICA provides ODA loans to support developing countries above certain income level by providing low-interest, long-term and concessional funds to finance their development efforts. ODA loans are used for large-scale infrastructure and other forms of development that require substantial funds.
JICA is in charge of Grant aid to developing countries with low income levels, without the obligation of repayment. Grant aid is used for improving basic infrastructure such as schools, hospitals, water-supply facilities and roads, along with obtaining health and medical care, equipment and other requirements.
JICA’s Operation Scale in Fiscal 2014
|Technical Cooperation expenses:
||176.4 billion yen (1,680 million USD)
|ODA Loans disbursed:
||827.9 billion yen (7,884 million USD)
|Grant Aid expenses:
||111.2 billion yen (1,059 million USD)